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Course Outline for Modern History of Korea

Course Outline for Modern History of Korea

Programme: M. Phil
Course No: EA 609
Credits: Three
Course Teacher: Jitendra Uttam

This course tries to explore the logics and regimes of long Korean history. It examines key historical forces that have created and shaped distinctiveness of Korean civilization. By adopting a thematic approach, it highlights the various features of Korean civilization into two parts. In the first part, it presents a brief survey of the history of Korea from prehistoric times to the Yi dynasty. Topics include: the rise of states and kingship, religious and state ideologies of Buddhism and Confucianism, cultural interaction with China, Japan, and the Northern Steppes peoples, the foundation of the aristocratic society of the Koryo dynasty, Mongol invasions, and the establishment of Yi Yangban society.

In the second part, course delves into the history of Korea from the mid-Yi dynasty century to the present day. It covers topics focusing on Korea's relation with the West, and neighboring countries, esp. Japan. It provides the genealogy of modern Korean history through peasant and aristocratic rebellions in the 19th century. Course begins with the Dutch (17th century), the Hideyoshi invasions, the opening of Korea, imperialism, and invasions of the 19th century, Japanese annexation, movement for independence, colonial experience, Korean War and the democratization movement & consolidation. The course interweaves political, socioeconomic, and cultural themes within a historical framework while also highlighting a number of major historiographical issues in modern Korean history.

This course aims to provide students a thorough grounding in Korean history, and introduce them to major interpretative currents in the study of Korean history.


Evaluation System: 

Participation, Presentation, Book Review, Midterm; Term-Paper and Final Examination


Students are required to write one term-paper (4000 words) on any historical issue/debate relating to Korean history. Please arrange to meet with the course-in charge to discuss your topic well in advance.


Students should try to complete all required readings before each class. Also, it advised that supplementary readings should be reviewed. In-depth reading of at least one of the following texts is critical to complete this course: 


Nahm, Andrew C. Korea, Tradition and Transformation: A History of the Korean People. Elizabeth, NJ: Hollym International Corporation, 1988.

Lone, Stewart and Gavan McCormack. Korea since 1850. Melbourne: Longman Cheshire Pty Limited, 1993.

Shin, Gi-wook and Kyung Moon Hwang eds., Contentitious Kwangju: The May 18 Uprising in Korea’s Past and Present, New York, Rowman & Littlefield, 2003

Buzo, Adrian. The Making of Modern Korea: A History. New York: Routledge, 2002.

Cumings, Bruce. Korea's Place in the Sun: A Modern History. New York: W.W. Norton, 1997.

Sunoo, Harold Hakwon. 20th Century Korea. Seoul: Nanam Publishing House, 1994.

Lee, Kenneth B., Korea and East Asia: The Story of a Phoenix. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1997.

Kleiner, Juergen. Korea: A Century of Change. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing, Co., 2002.

Koo, John H. and Andrew C Nahm. An Introduction to Korean Culture. Elizabeth City, NJ: Hollym, 1997.

de Bary, Wm. Theodore. East Asian Civilizations: A Dialogue in Five Stages. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1988.

Eckert, Carter J., et al. Korea Old and New: A History. Seoul: Ilchokak, Publishers, 1990.


Ahn, Byung-ook. “Dominant Ideologies and Thoughts that Shaped Korean History.” Korea Journal 43:4 (Winter 2003): 5-9.

Wagner, Edward W. "Korean Modernization: Some Historical Considerations." Korea Journal 3:8 (August 1963): 27-29, 31.

Yang, Byung-woo. "Korea in World History." Korea Journal 20:10 (October 1980): 19-24.

Lew, Young Ick. “A Historical Overview of Korean Perceptions of the United States: Five Major Stereotypes.” Korea Journal 44:1 (Spring 2004): 109-151.

Palais, James B. "A Search for Korean Uniqueness." Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 55:2 (December 1995): 409-425.

Lee, Hi-seung. "Characteristics of Korean Culture." Korea Journal 3:6 (June 1963): 13-16.

Han, Kyung-Koo. "The Japanese View of Korean People and Culture." Korea Journal 38:3 (Autumn 1998): 228-243.

Hoare, James. “The Korean Peninsula: Fifty Years of Uncertainty.” Asian Affairs 33:2 (June 2002): 232-237.


Lecture – 1: History, Historiography and Korea 

Ahn, Byung-ook. “The Significance of Settling the Past in Modern Korean History.” Korea Journal 42:3 (Autumn 2002): 7-17.

Ch'on, Kwan-u. "Trends in Studies of Korean History." Korea Journal 10:12 (December 1970): 4-9.

Cho, Sunggu. "New Perspectives on the Modern History of Korea." Asian Research Trends: A Humanities and Social Science Review 9 (1999): 63-80.

Han, Young-woo. "The Establishment and Development of Nationalist History." Seoul Journal of Korean Studies 5 (December 1992): 61-104.

Hong, Sung-gi. "Trends in Western Historiography on Korea." Korea Journal 39:3 (Autumn 1999): 338-377.

Ju, Bodon. "Recent Trends and Future Prospects in the Study of Ancient Korean History."  International Journal of Korean History 4 (August 2003): 1-45.

Lecture – 2Pre-History of Korea: Rise of States and Kingship

Aikens, Melvin C. and Song-nai Rhee, eds. Pacific Northeast Asia in Prehistory: Hunter-Fisher-Gatherers, Farmers, and Sociopolitical Elites. Pullman, WA: Washington State University Press, 1992.

Barnes, Gina L. The Rise of Civilization in East Asia: The Archaeology of China, Korea and Japan. London: Thames and Hudson, 1999.

Nelson, Sarah M. The Archaeology of Korea. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Choe, Chong-pil. "Origins of Agriculture in Korea." Korea Journal 30:11 (November 1990): 4-14.

Choi, Mong-lyong. "Bronze Age in Korea." Korea Journal 24:9 (September 1984): 23-34.

Choi, Mong-Lyong and Song-Nai Rhee. “Korean Archaeology for the 21st Century: From Prehistory to State Formation.” Seoul Journal of Korean Studies 14 (2001): 116-148.

Choi, Sung-rak. "The Iron Age Culture in Southern Korea and Its Chinese Connection." Korea Journal 36:4 (Winter 1996): 28-38.

Kim, Byong-Mo. "On Korean Stone Image." Korea Journal 23:5 (May 1983): 52-57.

Kim, Jung-bae "Formation of the Korean People." Korea Journal 15:12 (December 1975): 12-16.

Kim, Jung-bae. "Formation of Ethnic Korean Nation and Coming of Its Ancient Kingdom States." Korea Journal 27:4 (April 1987): 33-39.

Kim, Won-yong. "Korea before History: A Brief Survey." Korea Journal 6:1 (January 1966): 12-16.

Nelson, Sarah M. "Korean Interpretations of Korean Archaeology." Asian Perspectives 27:2 (1990): 185-191.

Nelson, Sarah M. "The Statuses of Women in Ko-Shilla: Evidence from Archaeology and Historical Documents." Korea Journal 31:2 (Summer 1991): 101-107.

Pearson, Richard J. "Korean Prehistory: An Overview." Korea Journal 15:12 (December 1975): 4-11.

Sohn, Pow-key. "Prehistoric Culture." Korea Journal 10:10 (October 1970): 4-6, 24.

Lecture – 3: Go-Joseon Dynasty

Song, Ho Jung. “The Formation of Gojoseon and Its Social Characteristics.” The Review of Korean Studies 7:1 (March 2004): 95-114.

Yoon, Nae-Hyun. "True Understanding of Old Choson." Korea Journal 27:12 (December 1987): 23-40.  

An, Ho-sang. "Dae-Jong-Gyo: Religion of God-Human Being." Korea Journal 3:5 (May 1963): 9-13.

Lecture-4: Three Kingdoms Period

Korean National Commission for UNESCO, ed. Korean History: Discovery of Its Characteristics and Developments. Elizabeth, NJ: Hollym, 2004.

Grayson, James H. "Some Structural Patterns of the Royal Families of Ancient Korea." Korea Journal 16:6 (June 1976): 27-32.

Lee, Pyong-do. "Three Kingdoms and Their Civilization." Korea Journal 4:7 (July 1964): 10-15.

Na, Hee La. “Ideology and Religion in Ancient Korea.” Korea Journal 43:4 (Winter 2003): 10-29.

Yi, Hong-jik. "Early History of Korean Society." Korea Journal 4:7 (July 1964): 4-9.

Yi, Hong-jik. "Historical Transition of Three Kingdoms." Korea Journal 6:4 (April 1966) : 4-9.

Yoon, Jinpyo. "An Application of Systems Theory to the Ancient Korean Three Kingdoms Period." Korea Observer 22:3 (Autumn 1991): 363-386.

Lecture -5: Koguryo Kingdom

Gardiner, Kenneth H.J. "The Legends of Koguryo (I): Samguk Sagi: Annals of Koguryo." Korea Journal 22:1 (January 1982): 60-69.

Gardiner, Kenneth H.J. "The Legends of Koguryo (II)." Korea Journal 22:2 (February 1982): 31-48.

Noh, Tae-don. "Study of the Contact between the Peoples of Koguryo-Parhae and Inner Asian Countries." Seoul Journal of Korean Studies 10 (1997): 81-94.

Park, Song-bong. "North Korea's Description of the History of the Koguryo Period." Vantage Point 3:2 (February 1980): 1-12.

Song, Sun-hee. "The Koguryo Foundation Myth: An Integrated Analysis." Asian Folklore Studies 33:2 (1974): 37-92.

Lecture -6: Paekche Kingdom

Best, Jonathan W. "Diplomatic and Cultural Contacts between Paekche and China." Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 42:2 (1982): 443-501.

Best, Jonathan W. “Buddhism and Polity in Early Sixth-Century Paekche.” Korean Studies 26:2 (2002): 165-215.

Kim, Jung-bae. "Characteristics of Mahan in Ancient Korean Society." Korea Journal 14:6 (June 1974): 4-10.

Lee, Chong-wuk. "The Formation and Growth of Paekche." Korea Journal 18:10 (October 1978): 35-40.

Lecture-7: Shilla & Unified Shilla Period

Adams, Edward B. Korea's Golden Age: Cultural Spirit of Silla in Kyongju (revised edition). Seoul: Seoul International Publishing House, 1991.

Jeon, Deok-jae. “Characteristics of the Council of Nobles in Silla and Its Transformation.” The Review of Korean Studies 6:2 (December 2003): 233-265.

Lee, Ki-dong. "Bureaucracy and Kolp'um System in the Middle Age of Silla." Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities 52 (December 1980): 31-58.

Mohan, Pankaj N. "Shamanic Buddhism of Early Shilla." In Sang-Oak Lee and Duk-Soo Park, eds. Perspectives on Korea. Sydney: Wild Peony, 1998.

Pankaj, Narendra M. "The Buddhist Transformation of Silla Kingship: Buddha as a King and King as a Buddha." Transactions of the Korea Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 70 (1995): 15-35.

Tikhonov, Vladimir. "Hwarang Organization: Its Functions and Ethics." Korea Journal 38:2 (Summer 1998): 318-338.

Lecture- 8 Ancient Korea-Japan Relations

Farris, William Wayne. "Ancient Japan's Korean Connection." Korean Studies 20 (1996): 1-22.

Kim, Won-yong. "Impact of Ancient Korean Culture upon Japan." Korea Journal 12:6 (June 1972): 34-35.

Lee, Yong-bum. "Korea's Political Power in Ancient Japan." Korea Journal 12:6 (June 1972): 30-34.

Mizuno, Yu. "The Origins of the Japanese People." Understanding Japan 22 (1968): 8-74.

Yu, Hak-ku. "Early Historical Relations between Korea and Japan: Some Methodological Issues." Korea Journal 30:6 (June 1990): 45-48..

Lecture- 9 Palhae Kingdom

Song, Ki-ho. 'Several Questions in Studies of the History of Palhae.' Korea Journal 30:6 (June 1990): 4-20.

Song, Ki-ho. "The Dual Status of Parhae: Kingdom and Empire." Seoul Journal of Korean Studies 12 (1999): 104-123.

Yi, U-song. 'A Study of the Period of the Northern and Southern States.' Korea Journal 17:1 (January 1977): 28-33.

Lecture – 10 Koryo Kingdom

Lee, Ki-baik. "Northern Invasions and Korean Resistance." Korea Journal 4:7 (July 1964): 16-18, 32.

Palais, James B. "Slavery and Slave Society in the Koryo Period." The Journal of Korean Studies 5 (1984): 173-190.

Duncan, John B. "The Formation of the Central Aristocracy in Early Koryo." Korean Studies 12 (1988): 39-61.

Kim, Ui-gyu. "Consciousness of Inheriting History in the Early Koryo Period." Korea Journal 23:7 (July 1983): 18-26.

Lee, Hyoung-woo. “Political Power Groups of Koryo Dynasty after the Period of Yuan China’s Intervention.” International Journal of Korean History 3 (2002): 27-50.

Yun, Peter. “Mongols and Western Asian in the Late Koryo Ruling Stratum.” International Journal of Korean History 3 (2002): 51-69.

Lecture – 11: Buddhism and Confucianism: Korea’s Religious and State Ideologies


Nam, Dong-shin. “Buddhism in Medieval Korea.” Korea Journal 43:4 (Winter 2003): 30-58.

Mok, Chong-bae. "Buddhism in Modern Korea." Korea Journal 33:3 (Autumn 1993): 23-49.

Lee, Sun-keun. "Transition of Thought in Modern Korea." Korea Journal 8:2 (February 1968): 4-6.

Lew, Seung-kook. "On the Origins of Korean Thought." Korea Journal 16:5 (May 1976): 38-44.

Moon, Sang-hee. "A Historical Survey of Korean Religion." Korea Journal 14:5 (May 1974): 14-24.

Park, Chong-hong. "Philosophical Foundation of Korean Civilization." Korea Journal 3:4 (April 1963): 27-29, 32.

Chung, Bong-kil. "What is Won Buddhism?" Korea Journal 24:5 (May 1984): 18-32.

Han, Ki-du. "Practical Tendency in Modern Korean Buddhism." Korea Journal 13:7 (July 1973): 24-28.

Han, Sang-ryun. "The Influence of Buddhism in Korea." Korea Observer 3:2 (January 1971): 17-25.

In, Kwon-hwan. "Buddhist Preachings and Their Korean Acculturation." Korea Journal 12:10 (October 1972): 18-27.

Jan, Yun-hua. "Hyecho's Memoirs: The Korean Record on Vrnasi and Srnth." Korea Journal 10:9 (September 1970): 28-31.

Yang, Han-sung. "New Facts about Hyech'o's Travels." Korea Journal 9:12 (December 1969): 10-13.

Keel, Hee-Sung. "State and Sangha in Korean History." Korea Journal 21:8 (August 1981): 47-48.

Lancaster, Lewis R. "Maitreya in Korea." Korea Journal 29:11 (November 1989): 4-17.

Lee, Kwangsu. Buddhist Ideas and Rituals in Early India and Korea. New Delhi: Manohar Publications, 1998.

Yang, T'ae-jin. "About the Tripitaka Koreana." Korea Journal 12:5 (May 1972): 43-48 


Kim, Hyong-hyo. "Confucian Thought in Korea." Korea Journal 17:9 (September 1977): 42-52.

Daniels, Michael. "Confucius and Confucianism in Korea." Korea Journal 19:5 (May 1979): 46-48.

Ch'oe, Ch'ang-gyu. "The Concept of Loyalty and Filial Piety vs. Democracy." Korea Journal 12:6 (June 1972): 13-20.

Hong, I-sop. "Two Great Confucianists of the Yi Dynasty (I), (II)." Korea Journal 2:3 (March 1962): 12-13; 2:4 (April 1962): 32-33.

Deuchler, Martina. "Neo-Confucianism in Early Yi Korea: Some Reflections on the Role of Ye." Korea Journal 15:5 (May 1975): 12-18.

Duncan, John. "Confucianism in the Late Koryo and Early Choson." Korean Studies 18 (1994): 76-102.

Kim, Doo-hun. "Confucian Influences on Korean Society." Korea Journal 3:9 (September 1963): 17-21, 40.

Koh, Byong-ik. "Confucianism in Asia's Modern Transformation." Korea Journal 32:4 (Winter 1992): 46-64.

Lee, Hi-dok. "Formation of Confucian Ethics in Korea." Korea Journal 13:2 (February 1973): 10-16.

Lee, Jung Young. "Yi Dynasty and Its Confucian Culture." Korea Journal 4:7 (July 1964): 19-25.

Pak, Chong-hong. "T'oegye and His Thought." Korea Journal 11:3 (March 1971): 19-23.

Smith, Warren W. "Neo-Confucianism and T'oegye Today." Korea Journal 18:9 (September 1978): 7-11.


Byun, Kyu-yong. "Taoism and Taoists." Korea Journal 26:5 (May 1986): 4-12.

Song, Hang-nyong. "A Short History of Taoism in Korea." Korea Journal 26:5 (May 1986): 13-18.


Cho, Hung-yoon. "Problems in the Study of Korean Shamanism." Korea Journal 25:5 (May 1985): 18-30.

Kim, Chol-choon. "Native Beliefs in Ancient Korea." Korea Journal 3:5 (May 1963): 4-8, 36.


Kalton, Michael C. "An Introduction to Silhak." Korea Journal 15:5 (May 1975): 29-46.

Chong, Ch'ang-yol. "Disputes and Tasks in Research on the Thoughts of Silhak." Korea Journal 22:11 (November 1982): 4-12.

Park, Seong-rae. "Western Science and Shilhak Scholars." Korea Journal 26:3 (March 1986): 4-24.

Lecture – 12: Impact of Mongol Invasions

Rockstein, Edward. "The Mongol Invasion of Korea: 1231." The Mongolia Society Bulletin 11:2 (Fall 1972): 41-54.

Min, Hyon-ku. "Koryo Politics under the Mongol Control: Dynastic Continuity during the Period of Royal Absence." International Journal of Korean History 1 (2000): 17-38.

Lecture – 13: Choson Dynasty

Kim-Renaud, Young-Key, ed. King Sejong the Great: The Light of Fifteenth Century Korea. Washington, D.C.: The International Circle of Korean Linguistics, 1992.

Cho, Hein. "The Historical Origin of Civil Society in Korea." Korea Journal 37:2 (Summer 1997): 24-41.

Duncan, John. "The Social Background to the Founding of the Choson Dynasty: Change or Continuity?" The Journal of Korean Studies 6 (1988-89): 39-79.

Kim, Sung Moon. “Between Confucian Ideology and the State: A New Approach to Understanding the Literati Purge of 1519.” The Review of Korean Studies 5:2 (December 2002): 233-260.

Setton, Mark. "Factional Politics and Philosophical Development in the Late Choson." The Journal of Korean Studies 8 (1992): 37-79.

Sohn, Pow-key. "The Concept of History as Seen by Korean Yangban." Korea Journal 17:9 (September 1977): 4-17.

Yi, Tae-Jin. "King Chongjo: Confucianism, Enlightenment, and Absolute Rule." Korea Journal 40:4 (Winter 2000): 168-201.

Chi, Sung-jong. “The Study of Social Status Groups in the Choson Period.” The Review of Korean Studies 4:2 (December 2001): 243-263.

Han, U-gun. "The Stratification of the Yi Dynasty Society and the Process of Its Change." Korean Affairs 2:1 (1963): 38-43.

Kim, Yong-mo. "The Traditional Elite." Korea Journal 17:5 (May 1977): 25-38.

Yi, I-hwa. "People's Movements during the Choson Period." Korea Journal 25:5 (May 1985): 4-17.

Yi, T'ae-jin. "Social Changes in Late Koryo to Early Choson Period." Korea Journal 23:5 (May 1983): 32-44.

Lecture – 14: Opening of Korea and its Relations with the West

Deuchler, Martina. "The Opening of Korean Ports." Korea Journal 9:1 (January 1969): 11-20, 41.

Choi, Chang-kyu. "The Opening of A Treaty Port in Corea And the Open Door Policy in The Republic of Korea." East Asian Review 2:3 (Autumn 1975): 283-303.

Chun, Hae-jong. "Encounter of Traditional and Foreign Thought." Korea Journal 8:2 (February 1968): 7-12.

Kim, Han-shik. "The Influence of Christianity on Modern Korean Political Thought." Korea Journal 23:12 (December 1983): 4-17.

Choi, Mun-hyung. "The Onslaught of Imperialist Powers and Its Influence in Korea." Korea Journal 24:3 (March 1984): 4-23.

Yi, Tae-Jin. "Was Korea Really a 'Hermit Nation'?" Korea Journal 38:4 (Winter 1998): 5-35.

Shin, Yong-ha. "The Opening of Korea and Changes in Social Thought." Korea Journal 16:2 (February 1976): 4-9.

Lecture- 15: Late 19th Century-1945: Post-1868 Relations with Japan and China

Dudden, Alexis. Japan’s Colonization of Korea: Discourse and Power. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, 2004.

Synn, Seung Kwon. "Korean-Japanese Relations, 1894-1904 (I), (II)." Korea Journal 21:2 (February 1981): 12-25; 21:3 (March 1981): 4-20.

Kim, Ki-Jung. "The Road to Colonization: Korea Under Imperialism, 1897-1910." Korea Journal 38:4 (Winter 1998): 36-64.

Choi, Mun-hyung. "The Onslaught of Imperialist Powers and Its Influence in Korea." Korea Journal 24:3 (March 1984): 4-23.

Hong, I-sop. "Japanese Colonial Policy in Action." Korea Journal 10:10 (October 1970): 7-9.

Hori, Kazuo. "Japan's Incorporation of Takeshima into Its Territory in 1905." Korea Observer 28:3 (Autumn 1997): 477-525.

Kang, Man-gil. "Reflections on the Centenary of the Opening of Korea." Korea Journal 16:2 (February 1976): 10-18.

Kang, Thomas Hosuck. "The Changing Nature of Korean Confucian Personality under Japanese Rule." Korea Journal 17:3 (March 1977): 22-36.

Kim, Chang Rok. "The Characteristics of the System of Japanese Imperialist Rule in Korea from 1905 to 1945." Korea Journal 36:2 (Spring 1996): 20-49.

Kim, Dal Choong. "Chinese Imperialism in Korea: With Special Reference to Sino-Korean Trade Regulations in 1882 and 1883." Journal of East and West Studies 5:2 (October 1976): 97-110.

Kim, Sang-ki. "Opening of Korea and Her Fall to Japan." Korea Journal 2:4 (April 1962): 13-17.

Lee, Ho-jeh. "Changes in the Perceptions of Foreign Affairs since the Years of the Opening of Korea." Korea Journal 18:8 (August 1978): 21-31.

Lee, Ki-tak. "Historical Development of National Consciousness and Korean Outward Reaction." Korea Observer 6:1 (Spring 1974): 43-58. 

Nam, Chang-Hee. "Japan's Pre-war Expansion into Korea and Manchuria." Korea Observer 24:1 (Spring 1993): 125-141.

Park, Choong-seok. "Concept of International Order in the History of Korea." Korea Journal 18:7 (July 1978): 15-21.

Park, Kwan-Sup. "Historical and Geographical Study of Manchuria and Chientao, Lost Land of Korea." Korea Observer 18:1 (Spring 1987): 1-28.

Lecture – 16: Nature, Reach and Impact of Japanese Imperialism

Kim, Sang-ki. "Opening of Korea and Her Fall to Japan." Korea Journal 2:4 (April 1962): 13-17.

Hong, I-sop. "Japanese Colonial Policy in Action." Korea Journal 10:10 (October 1970): 7-9.

Nam, Chang-Hee. "Japan's Pre-war Expansion into Korea and Manchuria." Korea Observer 24:1 (Spring 1993): 125-141.

Hori, Kazuo. "Japan's Incorporation of Takeshima into Its Territory in 1905." Korea Observer 28:3 (Autumn 1997): 477-525.

Kajimura, Hideki. "The Question of Takeshima/Tokdo." Korea Observer 28:3 (Autumn 1997): 423-475.

Kang, Thomas Hosuck. "The Changing Nature of Korean Confucian Personality under Japanese Rule." Korea Journal 17:3 (March 1977): 22-36.

Kim, Chang Rok. "The Characteristics of the System of Japanese Imperialist Rule in Korea from 1905 to 1945." Korea Journal 36:2 (Spring 1996): 20-49.

Kim, Ki-Jung. "The Road to Colonization: Korea under Imperialism, 1897-1910." Korea Journal 38:4 (Winter 1998): 36-64.

Ku, Daeyeol. "Korean International Relations in the Colonial Period and the Question of Independence." Korea Journal 38:4 (Winter 1998): 90-129.

Ku, Daeyeol. “China’s Policy toward Korea during World War II: Restoration of Power and the Korean Question.” Korea Journal 43:4 (Winter 2003): 215-239.

Lecture – 17: Korean Nationalism and the Movement for Independence

Kim, Jung-hak. "Ethnological Origin of Korean Nation." Korea Journal 3:6 (June 1963): 5-8.

Hyung Il Pai and Timothy R. Tangherlini, eds. Nationalism and the Construction of Korean Identity. Berkeley: Center for Korean Studies, Institute of East Studies, University of California, Berkeley, 1998.

Kang, Man-gil. "The Nature and Process of the Korean National Liberation Movement during the Japanese Colonial Period." Korea Journal 36:2 (Spring 1996): 5-19.

Yun, Pyong-sok. "Korean Resistance to Imperial Japanese Aggression." Korea Journal 24:3 (March 1984): 24-39.

Ahn, Wae-soon. “A Review of the Intellectual Thrust to Adopt Democracy in the Late 19th Century: The Integration of Eastern and Western Thought.” Korea Journal 43:4 (Winter 2003): 164-185.

Cha, Pi-yok. "Political Thoughts behind Korean Nationalism." Korea Journal 16:4 (April 1976): 4-20.

Chang, Ul-byong. "Shin Ch'ae-ho's Nationalism and Anarchism." Korea Journal 26:11 (November 1986): 21-40.

Hong, I-sop. "Historical Characteristics of Korean Nationalism." Korea Journal 6:12 (December 1966): 14-17.

Juhn, Daniel S. "Nationalism and Korean Businessmen under Japanese Colonial Rule." Korea Journal 17:1 (January 1977): 4-12.

Kim, Chun-yop. "Historical View of Independence Movement." Korea Journal 27:10 (October 1987): 4-10.

Lee, Chong-sik. "Nature and Characteristics of Nationalist Movement in Korea." Korea Journal 6:1 (January 1966): 6-11.

Yun, Pyong-sok. "Korean Resistance to Imperial Japanese Aggression." Korea Journal 24:3 (March 1984): 24-39.

Lecture -18: Korean Enlightenment and Reform Movement

Chandra, Vipan. "The Korean Enlightenment: A Re-examination." Korea Journal 22:5 (May 1982): 14-20.

Cho, Chi-hun. "Motives and Essence of Enlightenment Movement." Korea Journal 9:3 (March 1969): 24-34, 23.

Lee, Joung-sik. "Nature and Characteristics of Nationalist Movement in Korea." Korea Journal 6:1 (January 1966): 6-11.

Nahm, Andrew C. "Kim Ok-kyun and the Reform Movement." Korea Journal 24:12 (December 1984): 38-62.

Paek, Rin. "Library Movement in the Enlightenment Period." Korea Journal 9:10 (October 1969): 8-10.

Shin, Yong-ha. "The Thought of the Enlightenment Movement." Korea Journal 24:12 (December 1984): 4-21.

Tonghak/Ch'ondogyo Movements

Ch'oe, Tong-hui. "'Eastern Learning': Tonghak Movement and Chundo-gyo." Korea Journal 3:5 (May 1963): 14-19.

Ch'oe, Tong-hui. "Tonghak Creed: Object of Faith in Eastern Learning." Korea Journal 5:12 (December 1965): 4-8, 12.

Ch'oe, Tong-hui. "Tonghak and Korean Thought." Korea Observer 3:2 (January 1971): 26-50.

Kim, Choon Sung. “Donghak: Towards Life and Spirituality.” Korea Journal 42:4 (Winter 2002): 158-186.

Kim, Yong Choon. "Aspects of Chondogyo Social Ethics." Korea Observer 4:4 (October 1972): 288-305.

Kim, Yong Choon. "Ch'ondogyo Thought and Its Significance in Korean Tradition." Korea Journal 15:5 (May 1975): 47-53.

Kim, Yong Choon. "The Life and Thought of Ch'oe Suun." Korean Culture 13:3 (Fall 1992): 4-13.

Lee, Young-ho. "The Socioeconomic Background and the Growth of the New Social Forces of the 1894 Peasant War." Korea Journal 34:4 (Winter 1994): 90-100.

Mok, Chong-gyun. "The Centripetal and Centrifugal Functions of the Tonghak Movement: With Reference to Communication of the Tonghak Group." Korea Journal 18:5 (May 1978): 50-63.

Shin, Il-ch'ol. "Tonghak Movement and Modernization." Korea Journal 6:5 (May 1966): 16-21.

Shin, Susan S. "Tonghak Thought: The Roots of Revolution." Korea Journal 19:9 (September 1979): 11-20.

The March First Movement

Hong, I-sop. "Understanding the March 1 Movement." Korea Journal 6:3 (March 1966): 4-8.

Baldwin, Frank. "Participatory Anti-Imperialism: The 1919 Independence Movement." The Journal of Korean Studies 1 (1979): 123-162.

Ch'on, Kwan-u. "The Samil Revolt Considered as a Mass Movement." Korea Journal 11:3 (March 1971): 9-14.

Kim, Jun-yop. "Historical View of Independence Movement." Korea Journal 27:10 (October 1987): 4-10.

Kim, Yong-mo. "The Samil Independence Movement Viewed from the Socio-historical Context." Korea Journal 19:3 (March 1979): 15-20.

Pak, Ch'an-Sung. "Current Issues in the Study of the March First Movement." Seoul Journal of Korean Studies 2 (December 1990): 133-146.

Shin, Yong-ha. "Re-evaluation of the Samil Independence Movement." Korea Journal 19:3 (March 1979): 4-14.

Lecture-19: Late 19th Century through 1945: Economy

Eckert, Carter J. Offspring of Empire: The Koch'ang Kims and the Colonial Origins of Korean Capitalism, 1876-1945. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1991.

Ban, Sung Hwan. "Growth Rates of Korean Agriculture, 1918-1971." Korea Development Institute Working Paper Number 7304. Seoul: Korea Development Institute, 1973.

Chung, Young-iob. "Korean Investment under Japanese Rule." Korea Journal 17:3 (March 1977): 4-21.

Chung, Young-iob. "Chaebol Entrepreneurs in the Early Stage of Economic Development in Korea." The Journal of Modern Korean Studies 2 (December 1985): 15-29.

Ishiyama, Kenkichi. "Industrialization of Korea." Contemporary Japan 10:9 (September 1941): 1160-1165.

Jung, Tae-hern. "Economic Features of Colonial Modernity in Modern Korea." International Journal of Korean History 1 (2000): 39-62.

Kim, Kirk Y.K. "The Impact of Japanese Colonial Development on the Korean Economy." Korea Journal 17:1 (January 1977): 12-21.

Kim, Tae-jun. "A Survey of Government Finances of the Late Yi Dynasty (1895-1910)." Korea Journal 14:2 (February 1974): 24-29.

Kohli, Atul. "Where Do High Growth Political Economies Come From?: The Japanese Lineage of Korea's 'Developmental State.'" World Development 22:9 (September 1994): 1269-1293.

McNamara, Dennis L. "Entrepreneurship in Colonial Korea: Kim Yon-su." Modern Asian Studies 22:1 (February 1988): 165-177.

Zo, Ki-zun. "Development of Modern Korean Enterprises." Korea Journal 13:5 (May 1973): 41-48.

Lecture-20: States and European Nations through 1945

United States

Nahm, Andrew C. "Korean-American Relations, 1866-1978: A Critical Examination." Korea Journal 18:12 (December 1978): 14-25.

Chay, John. "A Study on the United States Policies Toward East Asia and Korea (1898-1905)." Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities 57 (June 1983): 1-20.

Hong, Soohn-ho. "Foreign Advisers in the Late Korean Monarchy: Dr. Laurent Cremazy." Korea Journal 20:10 (October 1980): 25-29, 13.

Kim, Hyung-chan. "The Korean Kaleidoscope: American Views of Korea, 1882-1979." Korea Journal 24:6 (June 1984): 18-26.

Kim, Ki-Jung. "Theodore Roosevelt's Image of the World and United States Foreign Policy toward Korea, 1901-1905." Korea Journal 35:4 (Winter 1995): 39-53.

Kim, Ki-Jung. "Officials in the State Department and U.S. Korea Policy (1903-1905)." Korea Observer 27:1 (Spring 1996): 23-51.

Koh, Byong-ik. "A Century of Korean-American Relations." Asian Culture Quarterly 11:3 (Autumn 1983): 11-22.

Nahm, Andrew C. "The Impact of the Taft-Katsura Memorandum on Korea: A Reassessment." Korea Journal 25:10 (October 1985): 4-17.

Oliver, Robert T. "Diplomatic Efforts to Restore Korean Sovereignty." Korea Journal 23:2 (February 1983): 48-59.

Ryu, Hong Ryol. "The Acceptance of Western Culture in Korea." Korea Observer 1:1 (October 1968): 57-75.


Choi, Mun-hyung. "Korean-British Amity and Its Historical Significance." Korea Journal 24:4 (April 1984): 9-22.

Hamilton, A.W. "British Interest in Korea, 1866-1884." Korea Journal 22:1 (January 1982): 24-41.

Hoare, James E. "The Centenary of Korean-British Relations: The British Diplomatic Presence in Korea 1883-1983." Korea Observer 14:2 (Summer 1983): 131-144.

Russia and Eastern Europe

Fendler, Karoly. "One Hundred Years of Hungarian-Korean Relations." Korea Journal 30:3 (March 1980): 26-34.

Kang, Sung-Hack. "Korea-U.S.S.R. Relations in the 20th Century: With Some Remembrances of the Last Century." Korea and World Affairs 15:4 (Winter 1991): 680-699.

Nahm, Andrew C. "Korea and Tsarist Russia: Russian Interests, Policy, and Involvement in Korea, 1884-1895." Korea Journal 22:6 (June 1982): 4-19.

Synn, Seung Kwon. "The Russo-Korean Relations in the 1880s." Korea Journal 20:9 (September 1980): 26-39.

Synn, Seung Kwon. "Russian Policy toward Korea, 1894-1895." Korea Journal 21:11 (November 1981): 47-57, 65.

Synn, Seung Kwon. The Russo-Japanese Rivalry Over Korea, 1876-1904. Seoul: Yuk Phub Sa, 1981. 

Lecture-21: National Liberation, War and Division

Chang, Byung-nim. "General Trends in Postwar Korea." Korea Journal 4:9 (September 1964): 5-7.

Han, Yung-Chul. "Political Parties and Leadership in South Korea (1951-1961)." Korea Observer 15:2 (Summer 1984): 148-190.

Hwang, In Soo. “Syngman Rhee’s Authoritarian Rule and the Dispute with the U.S.” Korea Observer 32:4 (Winter 2001): 603-626.

Kim, Bong-jin. “Paramilitary Politics under the USAMGIK and the Establishment of the ROK.” Korea Journal 43:2 (Summer 2003): 289-322.

McCune, George M. "Korea: The First Year of Liberation." Pacific Affairs 20:1 (March 1947): 3-17. 

Im, Pang-hyon. "Two Turning Points in Modern Korean History: April 19, 1960 and May 16, 1961." Korea Journal 6:5 (May 1966): 4-9. 

Yang, Sung Chul. "Student Activism and Activists: A Case of the 1960 April Revolution in Korea." Korea Journal 12:7 (July 1972): 7-16.

Korean War

Bruce Cumings, The Origins of the Korean War (2 vols). Princeton University Press, 1981, 1990.

Gupta, Karunakar. "How Did the Korean War Begin?" The China Quarterly 52 (October-December 1972): 699-716.

Syn, Song-Kil and Sin Sam-Soon. "Who Started the Korean War?" Korea and World Affairs 14:2 (Summer 1990): 241-257.

Warner, Geoffrey. "The Korean War." International Affairs 56:1 (January 1980): 98-128.

Suk, Chin-ha and James Morrison. "A Comparative Study of the Korean War and the Vietnam War." Korea Observer 16:3 (Autumn 1985): 260-279.

Stueck, William. "The Soviet Union and the Origins of the Korean War." World Politics 28:4 (July 1976): 622-635.

Steinberg, Blema S. "The Korean War: A Case Study in Indian Neutralism." Orbis 8:4 (Winter 1965): 937-954.

Lecture-22: Overseas Koreans in Japan, China, and Russia 

Chee, Choung-Il. "Japan's Post-war Mass Denationalization of the Korean Minority in International Law." Korea and World Affairs 7:1 (Spring 1983): 81-113.

Cheong, Sung-hwa. "A Study of the Origin of the Legal Status of Korean Residents in Japan: 1945-1951." Korea Journal 32:1 (Spring 1992): 43-60.

Ishiguro, Yoshiaki. "A Japanese National Crime: The Korean Massacre after the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923." Korea Journal 38:4 (Winter 1998): 331-354.

Kim, German. "The History, Culture and Language of the Koryo Saram." Korea Journal 33:1 (Spring 1993): 47-68.

Kim, Hyung-chan. "Review Article: Toward a General Theory of the Korean Diaspora." Korea and World Affairs 13:3 (Fall 1989): 543-550.

Lee, Chai-Mun. “The Lost Sheep: The Soviet Deportations of Ethnic Koreans and Volga Germans.” The Review of Korean Studies 6:1 (June 2003): 219-250.

Lee, Jeanyoung. “Koreans and Korean-Chinese Relations in Manchuria, 1911-1945: A Nation or an Ethnic Minority?” Korea Observer 32:3 (Autumn 2001): 353-377.

Lee, Jean-young. “The Korean Minority in China: The Policy of the Chinese Communist Party and the Question of Korean Identity.” The Review of Korean Studies 4:2 (December 2001): 87-131.

Zabrovskaia, Larisa V. "Consequences of Korean Emigration to Jiandao." Korea Journal 33:1 (Spring 1993): 69-78.

Lecture-23: Korea’s Post-War Period: Politics 

Chang, Byung-nim. "General Trends in Postwar Korea." Korea Journal 4:9 (September 1964): 5-7.

Cheung, Sung-hwa. "The Political Use of Anti-Japanese Sentiment in Korea from 1948 to 1949." Korea Journal 32:4 (Winter 1992): 89-108.

Chung, Chin-Wee. "South-North Korean Relations: Past and Present." Korea and World Affairs 6:1 (Spring 1982): 112-126.

Han, Ki-shik. "The Development of Party Politics in Korea." Korea Observer 6:1 (Spring 1974): 28-42.

Han, Sung-joo. "An Assessment of the Ho Chong and Chang Myon Governments." Korea Journal 22:5 (May 1982): 4-13.

Han, Yung-Chul. "Political Parties and Leadership in South Korea (1951-1961)." Korea Observer 15:2 (Summer 1984): 148-190.

Hong, Song-jik. "The Impact of American Culture on Korea." Korea Journal 11:7 (July 1971): 9-14.

Hwang, In Soo. “Syngman Rhee’s Authoritarian Rule and the Dispute with the U.S.” Korea Observer 32:4 (Winter 2001): 603-626.

Kang, Chi-Won. “The Fifty Years of the Political Vortex: A Historical Synopsis.” Korea and World Affairs 22:4 (Winter 1998): 501-521.

McCune, George M. "Korea: The First Year of Liberation." Pacific Affairs 20:1 (March 1947): 3-17. 

Minn, Byong-tae. "Political Development in Korea: 1945-1965." Korea Journal 5:9 (September 1965): 28-33, 25. 

Mitchell, C. Clyde. "Land Reform in South Korea." Pacific Affairs 22:2 (June 1949): 144-154. 

Seo, Joong-Seok. "The Establishment of an Anti-Communist State Structure Following the Founding of the Korean Government." Korea Journal36:2 (Spring 1996): 79-114. 

Shin, B. “The Decision Process of the Trusteeship in Korea, 1945-1946: Focusing on the Change of U.S. Ideas.” Pacific Focus 19:1 (2004): 169-212. 

Whang, In-joung. "Administration of Land Reform in Korea, 1949-52." Korea Journal 24:10 (October 1984): 4-20. 

Yang, Sung Chul. "South Korea's Top Bureaucratic Elites, 1948-1993: Their Recruitment Patterns and Modal Characteristics." Korea Journal 34:3 (Autumn 1994): 5-19. 

Lecture-23: Korea’s Post-War Period: Industrialization and Economic Modernization

Mason, Edward, et al. The Economic and Social Modernization of the Republic of Korea. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1980. 

Woo, Jung-en. Race to the Swift: State and Finance in Korean Industrialization. New York: Columbia University Press, 1991.

Shin, Gi-Wook. "Agrarian Conflict and the Origins of Korean Capitalism." American Journal of Sociology 103:5 (March 1998): 1309-1351.

Cho, Soon. "The Korean-American Economic Relationship, 1945-1982." Korea Journal 22:12 (December 1982): 22-32. 

Cumings, Bruce. "The Origins and Development of the Northeast Asian Political Economy: Industrial Sectors, Product Cycles, and Political Consequences." International Organization 38:1 (Winter 1984): 1-40. 

Eckert, Carter J. "The South Korean Bourgeoisie: A Class in Search of Hegemony." The Journal of Korean Studies 7 (1990): 115-148. 

Haggard, Stephan, David Kang, and Chung-In Moon. "Japanese Colonialism and Korean Development: A Critique." World Development 25:6 (June 1997): 867-881.

Kim, Eun Mee. "From Dominance to Symbiosis: State and Chaebol in Korea." Pacific Focus 3:2 (Fall 1988): 105-121. 

Kuk, Minho. "The Governmental Role in the Making of Chaebol in the Industrial Development of South Korea." Asian Perspective 12:1 (Spring-Summer 1981): 107-133. 

Kuznets, Paul W. "Growth and Modernization in Korea: Review Article." Pacific Affairs 54:2 (Summer 1981): 302-310. 

A warm welcome to the modified and updated website of the Centre for East Asian Studies. The East Asian region has been at the forefront of several path-breaking changes since 1970s beginning with the redefining the development architecture with its State-led development model besides emerging as a major region in the global politics and a key hub of the sophisticated technologies. The Centre is one of the thirteen Centres of the School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi that provides a holistic understanding of the region.

Initially, established as a Centre for Chinese and Japanese Studies, it subsequently grew to include Korean Studies as well. At present there are eight faculty members in the Centre. Several distinguished faculty who have now retired include the late Prof. Gargi Dutt, Prof. P.A.N. Murthy, Prof. G.P. Deshpande, Dr. Nranarayan Das, Prof. R.R. Krishnan and Prof. K.V. Kesavan. Besides, Dr. Madhu Bhalla served at the Centre in Chinese Studies Programme during 1994-2006. In addition, Ms. Kamlesh Jain and Dr. M. M. Kunju served the Centre as the Documentation Officers in Chinese and Japanese Studies respectively.

The academic curriculum covers both modern and contemporary facets of East Asia as each scholar specializes in an area of his/her interest in the region. The integrated course involves two semesters of classes at the M. Phil programme and a dissertation for the M. Phil and a thesis for Ph. D programme respectively. The central objective is to impart an interdisciplinary knowledge and understanding of history, foreign policy, government and politics, society and culture and political economy of the respective areas. Students can explore new and emerging themes such as East Asian regionalism, the evolving East Asian Community, the rise of China, resurgence of Japan and the prospects for reunification of the Korean peninsula. Additionally, the Centre lays great emphasis on the building of language skills. The background of scholars includes mostly from the social science disciplines; History, Political Science, Economics, Sociology, International Relations and language.

Several students of the centre have been recipients of prestigious research fellowships awarded by Japan Foundation, Mombusho (Ministry of Education, Government of Japan), Saburo Okita Memorial Fellowship, Nippon Foundation, Korea Foundation, Nehru Memorial Fellowship, and Fellowship from the Chinese and Taiwanese Governments. Besides, students from Japan receive fellowship from the Indian Council of Cultural Relations.