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Course Outline for Society and Culture in post-Mao China

Course Outline for Society and Culture in post-Mao China

Programme: M. Phil
Course No: EA 620
Semester: WINTER
Credits: Three
Course Teacher: Dr. Ritu Agarwal

Course Outline: INTRODUCTION


  1. Chinese  Social Structure : Approaches and Framework

Social Inequality

New Social groups

Formation of new elite

Reading List

Fei Xiao Tong, China's Gentry, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1953

Joel S. Migdal, Atul Kohli and Vivienne Shue, State power and Social Forces: Domination and Transformation in the Third World, New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Ching Kwan lee and Mark Selden, 'Inequalities and Its Enemies in Revolutionary and Reform China', Economic and Political Weekly, No. 52, December 27, 2008.

Jonathan Unger, ' Rich man, poor man', the making of new classes in the countryside', in David S. G. Goodman and Beverley Hooper, China Quiet Revolution, New York: St. Martin's Press, 1994. 

R. Robinson and D.S.G. Goodman (eds.), The New Rich in Asia: Mobile Phones, McDonald's and Middle Class Revolution, London and New York: Routledge, 1996.

Pei Lin Li, Qiang Li and Liping Sun, Social Stratification in China's Today, Beijing: Social Sciences Documentation Publishing House, 2004.

Bian Yanjie and zhanxin zhang, Explaining China's Emerging Private Economy: Sociological Perspective, in China's Domestic Private Firms eds. Anne Tsui and Yanjie Bian, M.E. Sharpe, 2006  


Urbanization: Process and Outcome

Floating Population and Migration       

Cities and Urban Space

Urban Hukou and Migrants poor

Reading List                 

Dorothy Solinger, Contesting Citizenship in Urban China: peasants, Migrants, the State and the Logic of the Market, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.   

T. Scharping (ed.), Floating Population and Migration in China: The Impact of Economic Reforms, Hamburg: Instit Fur Asienkunde, 1997.

Kam Wing Chan , Cities with Invisible Walls : Reinterpreting Urbanization in Post- 1949 China, Oxford, OUP, 1994

Lincoln H. Day and Ma Xia (eds.), Migration and Urbanization in China, Armonk, NY & London: M.E. Sharpe, 1994.

Tang Wenfang and William Parish, Chinese urban life under reform : The Changing Social Contract, Cambridge University Press, 2000


Changes in Social institutions and Identities

Danwei and Chinese workers

Family and Gender Relations

Guanxi and  local networks 

Reading List

Fei-Ling Wang, Organizing through Division and Exclusion; China's Hukou System, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2005.

Kam Wing Chan and Li Zhang, 'The Hukou System and Rural-Urban Migration: Process and Change', The China Quarterly, No.160, 1999.

Hein Mallee, 'China Household Registration System Under Reform', Development and Change, No.26, 1995.

Tiejun Cheng and Mark Selden, 'The Origins and Social Consequences of China's Hukou System', The China Quarterly, No. 139, 1994.

Lu Xiaobo and Elizabeth Perry (eds.), Danwei: The Changing Chinese Workplace in Historical and Comparative Perspective, Armonk, NY: M.E.Sharpe, 1997.

Wu Xiaogang and Donald J. Treiman , The Household Registration system and Social Stratification in China 1955-1996, Demography, 41: 363- 84, 2004.

Walder, Andrew G. Communist Neo- Traditionalism : Work and Authority in Chinese Industry, University of California Press, 1988


Rural Transformation: Institutions and Social Change 

Peasantry and land property rights 

Village and Kinship in rural china

Feminization of Chinese Agriculture 

Guldin G. E. , What's a Peasant to Do? Village Becoming Town in Southern China, Boulder, Westview Press, 2001

Jean C. Oi and Andrew G. Walder (eds.), Property Rights and Economic Reform in China, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1999.

George C.S.Lin,  Developing China: Land, Politics and Social Conditions, London and New York Routledge, 2009

Ching Kwan Lee, Gender and the South China Miracle : Two Worlds of Factory Women, Berkeley : University of California Press, 1998.


 Globalization and Cultural Trends in China

Popular Culture

Youth Culture

Television and media

Liu Kang, Globalization and Cultural Trends in China, USA; University of Hawai'i Press, 2004.

Jianying Zha, China Pop: How soap Operas, Tabloids and Bestsellers are Transforming a Culture, New York: New press, 1995.

Perry Link  et al (eds),  Unofficial China Popular Culture and Thought in the People's Republic, Westview, 1989

James Lull, China Turned On : Television, Reform and Resistance, London: Routledge, 1991

Supplementary Readings

Deborah Davis and Ezra Vogel (eds.), Chinese Society on the Eve of Tiananmen, Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1991.

Graham Young (ed.), China: Dilemmas of Modernization, London: Croomhelm, 1985

Elizabeth Perry and Mark Selden (eds.), Chinese Society: Change, Conflict and Resistance, New York: Routledge, 2000.

David S.G.Goodman and Beverly Hooper (eds.), China's Quiet Revolution: New Interactions between State and Society, New York: St. Martin's Press, 1994.

A.G.Rosenbaum (ed.), State and Society in China: The Consequences of Reform, Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1992.

F. Christiansen and Shirin Rai, Chinese Politics and Society: An Introduction, London: Prentice Hall Harvester, 1996.

Barnett A. Doak, Modernizing China: post-Mao reform and Development, Boulder, Co: Westview Press, 1986.

Martin Whyte, 'State and Society in the Mao Era', Kenneth Lieberthal and Roderick MacFarquhar (eds.), Perspectives on Modern China, Armonk: NY, M.E.Sharpe, 1991.

S.H.Whiting, Power and Wealth in Rural China, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

David Bray, Social Space and Governance in China: the Danwei system from origins to reform, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2005.

Deborah Davis and Steven Harrell, Chinese Families in the post-Mao Era, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993.

Myron Cohen, 'Family Management and Family Division in Contemporary Rural China', The China Quarterly, No. 130, 1992.

Yanjie Bian, 'Guanxi and the Allocation of Urban jobs in China', The China Quarterly, No.140, December 1994.

Mayfair Young Mei Hui, Gifts, Favours and Banquets: The Art of Social Relationships in China, Ithaca &London: Cornell University Press, 1994.

L. Dittmer and Lu Xiaobo, 'Personal Politics in the Chinese Danwei under Reform', Asian Survey, 36(3), 1996.

Elizabeth Perry and Jeffrey Wasserstrom (eds.), Popular Protest and Political Culture in Modern China, Boulder Co: Westview Press, 1991.

Anita Chan, 'Revolution or Corporatism? Workers and Trade Unions in post-Mao China', The Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs, No.29, Jan. 1993.

Peter Hays Gries and Stanley Rosen, State and Society in 21st Century China: Crisis, Contention and Legitimation, New York and London: Routledge Curzon, 2004.

K. Dean, Taoist Ritual and Popular Cults in Southeast China, Princeton, NJ: Princeton university Press, 1993.

William L. Parish and M.E.Whyte, Village and Family in Contemporary China, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978.

M.K.Whyte and W.L. Parish, Urban Life in Contemporary china, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984.

Edward Friedman, Paul G. Pickowicz and Mark Selden, Revolution, Resistance and Reform in Village China, New Haven: Yale University Press, 2005.

James Watson (ed.) Class and Social Stratification in post-Revolutionary China, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984.

 Lu Feng, 'The Origin and Formation of the Unit (Danwei) System', Chinese Sociology and Anthropology, Vol.25, No.3 spring 1993.

Anita Chan, Richard Madsen and Jonathan Unger, Chen Village under Mao and Deng, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992.

A warm welcome to the modified and updated website of the Centre for East Asian Studies. The East Asian region has been at the forefront of several path-breaking changes since 1970s beginning with the redefining the development architecture with its State-led development model besides emerging as a major region in the global politics and a key hub of the sophisticated technologies. The Centre is one of the thirteen Centres of the School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi that provides a holistic understanding of the region.

Initially, established as a Centre for Chinese and Japanese Studies, it subsequently grew to include Korean Studies as well. At present there are eight faculty members in the Centre. Several distinguished faculty who have now retired include the late Prof. Gargi Dutt, Prof. P.A.N. Murthy, Prof. G.P. Deshpande, Dr. Nranarayan Das, Prof. R.R. Krishnan and Prof. K.V. Kesavan. Besides, Dr. Madhu Bhalla served at the Centre in Chinese Studies Programme during 1994-2006. In addition, Ms. Kamlesh Jain and Dr. M. M. Kunju served the Centre as the Documentation Officers in Chinese and Japanese Studies respectively.

The academic curriculum covers both modern and contemporary facets of East Asia as each scholar specializes in an area of his/her interest in the region. The integrated course involves two semesters of classes at the M. Phil programme and a dissertation for the M. Phil and a thesis for Ph. D programme respectively. The central objective is to impart an interdisciplinary knowledge and understanding of history, foreign policy, government and politics, society and culture and political economy of the respective areas. Students can explore new and emerging themes such as East Asian regionalism, the evolving East Asian Community, the rise of China, resurgence of Japan and the prospects for reunification of the Korean peninsula. Additionally, the Centre lays great emphasis on the building of language skills. The background of scholars includes mostly from the social science disciplines; History, Political Science, Economics, Sociology, International Relations and language.

Several students of the centre have been recipients of prestigious research fellowships awarded by Japan Foundation, Mombusho (Ministry of Education, Government of Japan), Saburo Okita Memorial Fellowship, Nippon Foundation, Korea Foundation, Nehru Memorial Fellowship, and Fellowship from the Chinese and Taiwanese Governments. Besides, students from Japan receive fellowship from the Indian Council of Cultural Relations.